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Glossary
Terms and Slang



A
Ace: When a player hits the ball directly from the tee into the hole with one stroke. Also called a hole in one

Address: The act of taking a stance and placing the club-head behind the ball

Aerosol: A player who rarely hits the ball in a consistent line, but sprays the ball.

Aggregate: Refers to a score made over more than one round of play, or by two or more players playing as partners.

Aim: The direction you intend for your ball to go.

Aiming: Aligning the clubface to the target.

Air Shot: A shot where the swing completely misses the golf-ball. An air shot is counted as a stroke.

Albatross: A hole scoring three strokes under par. Also called a double eagle

Alignment: A player's body position relative to the target line of the ball.

All Around Good Putt: A putt that goes around the cup but doesn't go in.

All Square: When in match play, both players or teams have won the same number of holes.

Ambrose: A system of team play whereby each player takes a tee shot. The best ball position is where each of the players hit from next. This is repeated until the ball is in the hole. Also known as a Texas Scramble

Angle of Approach: The angle at which the club head strikes the ball. Also known as attack

Approach: A shot hit towards the green.

Approach Shot: A shot intended to land the ball on the green.

Apron: The grass surface on the perimeter of the green that separates it from the surrounding fairway or rough. Also known as frog-hair, or fringe

Artisan: A subpar low cost membership to a British Golf Club that offered the a person the right to play on the golf course in exchange for free labor of the golf course but not the right to mingle or play with the regular members.

Attack: The relative angle at which the clubhead approaches the ball at impact which, in turn, determine the distance and trajectory the ball travels. Also known as angle of approach

Attend the Flag-Stick: When a player holds and removes the flag-stick for another player.

Away: Describing the golfer whose ball is farthest from the hole. The player who is away should always play first.

Axis: Generally refers to a straight line (your spine) that the upper body rotates around to swing the golf club.


B
Back: Away from the flag to your right for right-handed players or to your left for left-handed players.

Back Nine: The last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course.

Back Door Putt: Putt that spins around and goes in the back of the hole.

Backspin: When the ball lands it rolls back towards the player instead of forward.

Back-Swing: The part of the golf swing from where you line the club up with the ball then swing the club behind you.

Balance: The proper distribution of weight both at address and throughout the swing.

Balata: A rubber-like substance used as a cover material for golf balls.

Ball: A small sphere with dimples used in playing golf, which is intended to be struck by a player swinging a club.

Ball-Marker: A token or a small coin used to spot the ball's position on the green prior to lifting it.

Ball Retriever: A telescopic tool with a device on the end to pick up a ball in the water

Ball-Washer: A device found on many tees for cleaning golf balls.

Banana-Ball: The ball strike that result in a trajectory in the shape of a banana.

Bandit: A golfer that carries a higher official handicap but plays much better. Also known as a Sandbagger

Bare Lie: When the ball lies directly on hard ground.

Best Ball: A game using two or more person teams; where the team score on each hole will be the lowest score obtained by any one member of the team.

Baseball Grip: A grip in which all ten fingers are placed on the grip of the club.

Biarritz: A hole whose green splits the putting surface in two.

BIGGA: Is the professional association in the United Kingdom dealing with all matters of golf management from a greens-keeper's viewpoint. For the U.S. equivalent, see GCSAA.

Birdie: To score one stroke under par on a single hole.

Bisque: A form of handicapping used in private match play games. Bisque matches are not recognized by the rules of golf.

Bite: When the ball stops immediately when it hits the green. Also know as checking.

Blade (1): A type of iron where the weight is distributed evenly across the back of the club-head as opposed to mainly around the perimeter.

Blade (2): A type of putter with a striking face considerably wider than the distance from the face to the rear of the club-head.

Blade(3): Striking the bottom of an iron to the top of the golf ball, causing a ground ball with no control.

Bladed Shot: Striking the bottom of an iron to the top of the golf ball, causing a ground ball with no control.

Blast: A bunker shot that sends the ball, and a spray of sand onto the green. Also known as an explosion

Blind: A shot that does not allow the golfer to see where the ball will land, such as onto an elevated green from below.

Block: A shot where the ball goes severely to the right; Similar to the push.

Bobbing: Raising and lowering the swing center while swinging.

Bogey: A score of one stroke over par on a single hole.

Borrow: The amount of break a player allows for when hitting a breaking putt.

Bounce Back: Scoring a birdie or better on a hole immediately following a bogey or worse.

Bowed: When the wrist is bent slightly inward or outward at the top of the backswing

Break: When a putted ball rolls left or right of a straight line.

Broom: Someone so bad they should be swept off the course.

Bullarding: Claiming a lower handicap then you play.

Bump and Run: A shot where the ball hits a hill short of the green then rolls on to the green.

Bunker: A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. Also called a sand trap

Bunker, Green-side: A bunker next to or even in a green.

Bunker, Fairway: A bunker located on or in the fairway.

Bye: A conceded game finishes early because one player or team has won by a large margin


C
Caddie or Caddy: A person hired to carry clubs and provide other assistance.

Calcutta: An auction in which people bid on players or teams in a tournament.

Cambered Sole: A rounding of the sole of the club to reduce drag A four-way cambered sole is one that is rounded at every edge of a wood.

Carry: How far the ball travels through the air.

Carryover: When a hole is tied in a match and the bet is carried over to the next hole.

Casting: An uncocking of the wrists prematurely on the downswing, resulting in a loss of power and control.

Cart (1): A four-wheeled electrical or gas-powered vehicle for use in transporting players and their equipment from hole to hole.

Cart (2): A hand pulled or pushed or remote controlled 2 or 3 wheel cart for carrying a bag of clubs.

Casual Water: Snow, ice, rain or water that overflows the banks of existing water hazards or is just on the course.

Cavity-Back: An iron with a hollowed out clubhead which distributed the weight around the outside edges of the clubhead.

Center of Gravity: That point in a person where the body's weight and mass are equally balanced.

Centrifugal Force: It is the force you feel in the downswing that pulls the clubhead outward and downward, extending the arms to the circular path.

Center of Rotation: The center of your body when it twists to swing the club.

Chip and Run: A shot where the ball hits short of the green then rolls on to the green.

Choke: When a shot doesn't go where it's planned because of nervousness.

Choke Down: Gripping the club down on the shaft.

Chunk: A poor shot caused by hitting the turf behind the ball,

Champions Tour: The name used by PGA Tour Champions from 2002 through 2015

Chicken Wing: When your lead elbow bends at an angle pointed away from the body during a swing.

Chip: A short shot with loft.

Chippy: Chip in the hole from the green even if you are putting it.

Cleek: A fairway wood with the approximate loft of a 4-wood that produces high shots that land softly.

Clone: A copy of a more expensive clubs without breaching any patents. Also known as knock-off

Closed Face: When the club-face is turned toward the player's body, like to get under or around a tree

Closed Clubface: A swing where the toe of the club is closer to the ball that the heel, either at address or impact, resulting in shots hit to the left of the target

Closed Grip: A strong grip where both hands are turned away from the target

Closed Stance: When a player's front foot is set closer to the target-line. Used to draw the ball or to prevent a slice

Closed-to-Open: A swing in which the clubhead is closed on the backswing but then manipulated into an open position on the downswing.

Club (1): A shaft with a head on one end used by a player to hit a golf ball

Club (2): An organized group of golfers owning or managing a golf course

Club (3): An organized, social group of golfers that play together

Club (4): The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc.

Club-Head: The part of a club that is used to strike the ball.

Club-Face: The front surface of the club head which is designed to strike the golf ball.

Clubhouse: A building on a golf course providing facilities for golfers,

Cocked Wrists: When the wrists does a clockwise hinging motion during the backswing.

Coefficient of Restitution: The clubhead speed at impact to the velocity of the ball after it has been struck.

Coil: The turning of the body during the backswing.

Come-Backer: A second putt because the previous putt shot past the hole.

Come Over the Top: The beginning of the downswing when you swing way out of the correct swing path but do hit the ball.

Compress: To hit the ball with a slightly downwards angle.

Compression: A measure of the relative hardness of a golf ball. From 100 = hardest to 80 = softest

Condor: A score of four-under par shot on a single hole.

Connection: A swing in which all the various body parts work harmoniously to produce a solid, fluid motion.

Conservation of Angular Momentum (COAM): A law of physics that allows the player to produce large amounts of kinetic energy.

Count-Back: In the event of a tie the scores in the last nine, last six, last three and final hole are compared in turn until a winner emerges.

Course: A designated area of land on which golf is played.

Course Rating: The evaluation of playing difficulty of a course for scratch golfers under normal course and weather conditions.

Courtesy of the course: The waiver of the green fee.

Croquet Style: A putting stance where the player stands aside the ball, holds the club with a widely-split grip, and strikes the ball with a croquet-type stroke.

Cross-Handed: When a club is grip with the hands placed in positions opposite to that of the conventional grip.

Cupped Wrist: When the left or top hand is hinged outward at the top of the backswing.

Cuppy Lie: A lie when the ball is sitting down slightly, usually in a small depression.

Cut (1): The reduction in the size of the players during a multiple round stroke play tournament.

Cut (2): When you cut under (open the club face) to hit the ball high with a lot of spin to stop on the green.

Cut (3): When you cut the ball you will put spin a little to the right. So aim a little to the left to compensate for the spin.

Cut Shot: A shot played with a slightly open clubface and a swing path that travels out to in. The result is a soft fade that produces additional backspin and causes the ball to stop quickly on the green.


D
Dead: TV-broadcaster slang for a shot in which there is no favorable outcome possible.

Dead Hands: When the hands don't participate in the shot.

Deep-Faced Driver: A driver with a taller face than standard.

Decelerate: When a person slows down the swing as they hit the ball.

Delayed Hit: A golf term used to describe the Conservation of Angular Momentum

Dimples: The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight. Dimples, by reducing drag, allow a golf ball to stay in the air for a longer flight than would be possible with a smooth ball.

Divot (1): The chunk of grass swept up by the golf club during a stroke.

Divot (2): The bare ground left in the grass from the golf club during a stroke. Also called a pitch mark or ball mark

Dog-Balls: Scoring an 'eight' on any single golf hole.

Dogleg: Where the fairway is straight for a while then bends to the left or right.

Dog License: A match play game ending with the winner winning by seven holes, with six remaining (known as 7 and 6), after 12 holes in an 18-hole match or 30 holes in a 36-hole match.

Dormie or Dormy: A match play where by a player or team's lead is equal to the number of holes left to play

Dormie House: A building at a golf club providing overnight accommodation.

Double Bogey: A score of two strokes over par on one hole.

Double Cross: A shot where the intended shot is the opposite of what happens.

Double - Double: When you make 2 premiums on the same hole and you double that double. $1 premium with 2 premiums becomes $4.

Double Eagle: A score of three strokes under par on one hole. Also called an Albatross

Doubles: When a caddie carries two sets of clubs.

Downswing: The swing forward from the top of the backswing.

Draw: A shot that flies slightly from right to left for right-handed players or left to right for left-handed players.

Drive: The first shot of each hole, made from an area called the tee.

Driving Range: A practice area

Duck Hook: A shot that flies sharply from right to left for right-handed players or left to right for left-handed players.

Duff: A horrible shot.

Dynamic Balance: Transferring the focus of weight appropriately during the golf swing while maintaining body control.


E
Eagle: A hole played in two strokes under par.

Early Hit: When a player prematurely releases the cocking of the wrists on the downswing, resulting in a loss of power at impact. Also known as casting from the top

Effective Loft: The actual loft on a club at impact as opposed to the loft built into the club. Effective loft is determined by, among other things, the lie and the position of the hands relative to the ball at impact.

Elephant Ass: High and it stinks

Even: Having a score equal to that of par.

Explosion: A shot played from a sand bunker, usually when the ball has buried or settled down into the sand.

Explosion Bunker Shot: A bunker shot that sends the ball, and a spray of sand onto the green. Also known as a blast

European Tour: One of the world's leading professional golf tours, based in Europe,

Extension: The width of the swing as measured by the target arm on the backswing and the trail arm on the follow-through.


F
Fade: A shot that goes out then curves slightly, right for right-hander and left for left-hander. It is often played intentionally by skilled golfers. An overdone fade is a slice.

Fairway: The area of the course between the tee and the green that is well-maintained allowing a good lie for the ball

Fairway Markers: Fairway markers indicate the distance from the marker to the center of the green.

Fat: A stroke in which the club makes contact with the turf long before the ball, resulting in a poor contact and significant loss of distance.

Fat Shot: A description of a shot when the clubhead strikes the turf behind the ball, resulting in poor contact and a shot that comes up well short of the target.

Flange: A portion of the sole of a club such as a sand wedge or putter.

Flag-Stick: A tall marker, often a metal pole with a flag at the top, used to indicate the position of the hole on a green. Also called the pin

Flat Swing: A swing that is more horizontal and less vertical in plane than is typical.

Flier: A type of lie where the ball is in the rough and grass is likely to become trapped between the ball and the club-face at the moment of impact.

Flip Shot: A wedge shot that is short and high and preformed with the wrist.

Floater: A ball struck from the deep grass that comes out slowly and travels a shorter distance because of the heavy cushioning effect of the grass between the ball and the clubface.

Flop Shot: When the ball high shot to get over something and land softly.

Fluffy Lie: A lie in which the ball rests atop the longish grass. This can be a tricky lie because the tendency is to swing the clubhead under the ball, reducing the distance it carries.

Fly: The distance the ball is carried thru the air.

Follow-Through: That part of the swing that occurs after the ball has been struck. The final part of a golf swing, after the ball has been hit.

Footwork: The coordinated action of the lower body during the golf swing.

Fore Caddy: One employed by a golfer or group of golfers to walk ahead of the players in order to spot the fall of their shots and to find the ball. . Today in professional tournaments, ball spotters are normally placed at each hole for the same purpose.

Forward Press: A slight movement of the hands, arms and legs that initiates the golf swing.

Forward Swing: The downward motion of the hands, arms and club from the top of the backswing to impact Also known as downswing

Four-Ball: In match play, a contest between two sides, each consisting of a pair of players, where every individual plays his own ball throughout. On every hole, the lower of the two partner's scores is matched against the lower of the opposition's scores. In stroke-play, a four-ball competition is played between several teams each consisting of 2 players, where for every hole the lower of the two partner's scores counts toward the team's 18 hole total. The term four-ball is an informal reference to any group of 4 players on the course.

Foursomes: In match play, a contest between two sides each consisting of a pair of players, where the 2 partners hit alternate shots on one ball. The first player tees off, the second player hits the second shot, the first player hits the third shot, and so on until the ball is holed. Also partners alternate their tee shots, so that one member of each team will always tee-off on the odd holes and the other will tee off on the even holes. In stroke-play, a foursome competition is played between several teams each consisting of a pair of players, where partners play alternate shots until the SINGLE ball is holed. The term foursome is a common reference to any group of 4 players on the course.

Fried Egg: When the ball is in the sand.

Fringe: The grass in between the green and the fairway.

Front Foot: The foot closest to the flag.

Front Nine: Holes 1 thru 9, on a golf course with 18 holes.


G
GCSAA: The American professional association for golf course superintendents. Analogous to BIGGA in the United Kingdom

Gimme: Refers to a putt that the other players agree can count automatically without actually being.

Golf Club (1): An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball.

Golf Club (2): The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro-shop, practice areas etc.

Grain: The direction in which the grass grows, specifically on the green.

Grand Slam: The Modern (or Professional) Grand Slam describes winning the four professional Major Championships -- the PGA Championship, the Masters and the United States and British Opens -- in a calendar year. The Career Grand Slam describes winning each of these events once in a career.

Golf Range: A facility where people can practice their full swings and, in some cases, their short game.

Grain: The direction which the blades of grass grow, which is of primary importance on the green.

Green Fee: The cost for a round of golf.

Green Keeper: The person who is charge to keeping the course in the beast condition as possible.

Green In Regulation (GIR): When a ball reaches any part of the green in at least two fewer than par.

Grip - Equipment: the type of grip that is on the club, whether rubber, leather, or any other material that goes on the end of the club

Grip: The placing and positioning of the hands on the club. The various types include the Vardon or overlapping, the interlocking and the 10-finger or baseball grip.

Groove - Equipment: The horizontal scoring lines on the face of the club that help impart spin on the ball.

Groove: A description of a swing that consistently follows the same path, time after time.

Ground: The point when the club touches the ground or water prior to playing the shot.

Grounding the Club: To place the club-face behind the ball on the ground at address.

Ground Under Repair (GUR): An area of the golf course that is being repaired.

Group Lesson: A teaching session in which several pupils work with one or more PGA Professionals.

Groove (1): The crevices on the face of a club that are designed to impart spin on the ball.

Groove (2): A well practiced swing that is easily repeatable by the golfer is often described as "well grooved".

Good-Good: When both players in a match agree to concede each other's putts.


H
Hacker: People who demonstrate very little or no golf etiquette or ha no skill playing golf, otherwise known as a broom

Half: In match play, a hole is halved (or tied) when both players or teams have played the same number of strokes.

Half Shot: A shot played with an abbreviated swing and reduced swing speed.

Handicap: A number assigned to each player based on his ability and used to adjust each player's score to provide equality among the players.

Halfway House or Halfway Hut: A building, generally between the 9th and 10th holes, providing light snacks and refreshments for golfers during their round.

Hand and Egg: Two players working together to win.

Handsy: A player with too much wrist movement in their golf swing or putting stroke, causing inconsistent shots or putts.

Hard-Pan: Hard, usually bare, ground conditions. Generally, hard-pan refers to hard, dry clay, with very little or no grass.

Hazard: Any bunker or permanent water including any ground marked as part of that water hazard. Special rules apply when playing from a hazard.

Heading In: Playing the last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course

Heel: Where the club-head is attached to the shaft.

Heel and Toe: Weighted: A club design where weight is distributed towards the heel and toe of a club to reduce the effect of miss-hits.

Hempstead Special: A of match play, foursome betting game with 2 points per hole, best ball and worst ball and premiums. Hempstead details

High Side: The side of the hole that a putt breaks from.

Hitter: A player who favors a forceful, aggressive style of swing.

Hole: A circular hole in the ground which is also called the cup and measures 4.25 inches (108 mm) in diameter.

Hole in One: Hitting the ball from the tee into the hole, using only one stroke.

Hole in One Insurance: Many tournaments offer large prizes if a player shoots a hole in one on a particular hole. Indemnity insurance is often purchased to cover the cost should anyone make the hole in one. Hole in one insurance is also available for individuals to cover the cost of a round of drinks in the event of their achieving a hole in one

Hooding: The act of placing the hands ahead of the ball, both at address and impact, and reduces loft of the club.

Hook: A shot that curves sharply from right to left for right-handed players or left to right for left-handed players.

Hosel: The part of the club connecting the shaft to the clubhead.

Hybrid: A type of club, increasingly popular today that in the broadest sense combines the mechanics of a long iron with the more forgiving nature and distance of a fairway wood. Most golfers today carry at least one hybrid.


I
Impact: The moment in the swing when the club strikes the ball.

In contention: A player with a chance of winning a tournament is said to be "in contention".

Inside-to-In: A description of the swing path that will produce the greatest percentage of solid, straight and on-target shots.

Inside-to-Out: A swing path in which the clubhead approaches the ball from inside the target line and, after contact, continues to the outside of the target line before turning back to the inside of the target line.

Intended Line of Flight: The direction a player plans for his ball to begin after impact

Interlocking Grip: Grip style where the pinkie finger of the lower hand is hooked around the index finger of the upper hand.

Inward Nine: The back nine holes of a golf course, so named because older links courses were designed to come back "in" toward the clubhouse after going "out" on the front nine.

Iron: A club with a flat-faced solid metal head generally numbered from 1 to 9 indicating increasing degrees of loft on the face.

Iron Byron: A testing device modeled after Byron Nelson's swing. It is used to test clubs and balls.


J
Jab: A putting stroke that is short, quick, and, often, erratic.


K

Knock-down: A type of shot designed to have a very low trajectory, usually employed to combat strong winds.


L
Lag: A shot designed to finish short of the hole.

Lateral Slide: or Shift: A movement early in the forward swing in which the hips begin to slide to the target and rotate while, at the same time, weight begins to shift from the trail side to the target side. The timing of this motion is crucial to a proper swing.

Lay Off: When the swing plane flattens out at the top of the back swing, it causes the club to point to the side of the target and the face to close.

Lay-Up: A stroke deliberately played with a shorter range club than to reach the pin, in order to position the ball in a certain spot.

Learning Center: A complete practice and instruction facility, which may or may not be on the site of a golf course

Left-Handed Player: One who swings from left to right

Level-Par: Score that is even with par.

Lie: Where the ball sits.

Lights-Out: A slang term describing an outstanding round or stretch of holes.

Line: The path the ball is expected to take following a stroke. This is of particular importance on the green, where stepping on another player's line is considered a breach of etiquette.

Line of Flight: The actually path of the ball.

Links: A type of golf course, usually located on coastal sand dunes.

Lob: A short, high arc shot, often produced by using a lob wedge or opening the face with another iron.

Lob Shot: A short, high shot, usually played with a wedge, designed to land softly.

Local Rule: Rules in addition to the USGA rules that apply specifically to the golf course you are playing. These are designed to protect local environment and the golfers.

Loft: The angle between the club's shaft and the club's face. It also describes the act of hitting a shot.

Long Irons: The 1-4 irons.

Looking Up: The act of prematurely lifting your head to follow the flight of the ball, which also raises the swing center and can result in erratic ball striking

Loosened Grip: Any time a player opens his fingers and loses control of the club while swinging.

Loose Impediment: A small natural item which is not fixed or growing, solidly embedded, or stuck to the ball, such as a small stone or leaf.

LPGA (1): A U.S.-based organization that operates the world's most significant women's golf tour. From its inception, it has included female club and touring professionals in its membership-unlike men's golf in the U.S., in which club and touring professionals have been represented by different bodies since 1968.

LPGA (2): Any of several other national organizations, modeled after the U.S. LPGA, supporting women's professional golf. These bodies may follow the U.S. model, or may be devoted solely to touring pros.

Lunch Ball: Stopping at the 9th hole to eat then flopping the next shot.


M
Made cut Did not Finish (MDF): On the PGA Tour, the scoreboard term used for those players who made the cut after the first two rounds, but were subject to a second cut after the third round.

Mainstream: A term sometimes used by golf media to contrast the primary golf tour, or set of major championships, in a country or region, with senior professional golf.

Major(s): The most prestigious golf tournaments. In the modern game the Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, The Open Championship and the PGA Championship are considered the men's major golf championships. The Kraft Nabisco Championship, LPGA Championship, U.S. Women's Open, Women's British Open and The Evian Championship are currently considered the women's major golf championships. Historically, from before the dominance of the professional game in the mid 20th century, the British and U.S. Amateur Championships are also often considered men's majors. Sometimes, people refer to The Players Championship as "The Fifth Major".

Marker (1): A small metal or plastic disk used to mark the position of a ball on the green if it has been lifted for cleaning etc.

Marker (2): The person keeping score.

Match Play: A form of golf play where players or teams compete against each other on a hole-by-hole basis. The total number of strokes does not determine the winner. Instead, the number of holes won determines the winner. It is possible to win in match-play with more strokes than your opponent.

Mechanics: The mechanics of a golf swing or putting stroke.

Medal Play: Generally a synonym for stroke play but sometimes used in a more specific sense, referring to the stroke play qualifying rounds preceding a match play stage.

Medalist: The leader in the Medal play qualifying rounds preceding a match play stage.

Member's Bounce: Any favorable bounce of the golf ball that improves what initially appeared to be an errant shot.

Mid-amateur: Term used mainly in the U.S. to describe a competitive "career amateur" golfer who has no aspirations of a career on a professional tour, although many mid-amateur golfers will often turn professional after turning 50.

Middle or Mid-irons: The number 5 thru 7 irons.

Misread: A misread is to incorrectly discern the correct line of a putt.

Monday Qualifier: A stroke play golf tournament held on the Monday before a professional golf tournament that awards top finishers entry into the tournament.

Motor-Caddy: A battery-powered device, often with remote control, used to transport a walking golfer's clubs.

Mud Ball: A golf ball that has soil or other debris stuck to it which can affect its flight.

Mulligan: The custom of hitting a second ball -- without penalty -- on a hole as a do-over, usually only on the 1st tee.


N
Nassau: Betting in which points are awarded for winning the front nine, winning the back nine and winning the overall 18

Nine-Iron: A club of the highest loft in the iron family. Used for short-distance shots.

No Card (NC): If a player does not turn in a scorecard for a round the player is reported as "NC" for the round. An exception is if the player is injured and withdraws.


O
OB: Out of bounds

Off-Green Putting: When a player elects to putt from off the green rather than chip.

Offset: A measure of the distance between the leading edge of the hosel and the leading edge of the clubface.

One-Piece Takeaway: The beginning of the backswing when the hands, arms and wrists move away from the ball, maintaining the same relationship they had at address.

On The Charge: A player is said to be "on the charge" when stringing together birdies to move into contention during the final round of a stroke play tournament.

Open Face: When the club-face is turned away from the player. Like to get under or around a tree

Open Clubface: When, either at address or during the swing, the heel of the clubhead is leading the toe, causing the clubface to point to the side of the target

Open Grip: Also referred to as a weak grip, it is when the hands are turned counter-clockwise on the club.

Open Stance: When a player's front foot is drawn backwards further from the target line.

Open-to-Closed: A description of the movement of the clubface when a player opens on the backswing and then closes it at impact.

Outside Agent: Any agent not part of the match or, in stroke play. Referees, markers, observers, and fore-caddies are outside agents. Wind and water are not outside agents.

Outside-To-In: A description of a swing path when the clubhead approaches the ball from outside the target line and then continues to the inside of that line following impact.

Outward Nine: The first nine holes of an 18 hole course.

Out of Bounds: The area designated as being outside the boundaries of the course. Also known as OB

Over Club: To pick the wrong club, causing the ball to go over the green.

Overlapping Grip: A common grip style where the lower hand pinkie finger rests on top of the upper hand index finger. Also known as the Vardon grip


P
Pace: The speed at which a putt must be struck to get to the hole.

Paddle Grip: A putting grip with a flat surface where the thumbs rest.

Par: The number of shots a scratch player is expected to make on a hole.

Path: The direction the club travels during the swing or the putting stroke.

Player (1): One who is a very low handicap player

Player (2): A golfer who is playing a round of golf.

Penal: A type of golf hole design where the player has little choice in the shots required to make par at the hole.

Pendulum Stroke: In putting, a stroke that moves the clubhead back and forth on a constant line, without deviation.

Perfect Round: Having scored a birdie or better on all 18 holes of a round.

PGA: Any Professional Golfers' Association, for example the Professional Golfers' Association of America.

PGA Tour: The organizer of the main male professional golf tours in the United States and North America.

PGA Tour Champions: A tour for male golfers age 50 and over, held mostly in the U.S., operated by the PGA Tour.

Pin: Flagstick

Pick Up (PU): When the golf ball is picked up before finishing the hole, normally called a "PU".

Pinch Shot: A shot played around the green in which a player strikes the ball with a crisp, clean descending blow.

Pin High: Refers to a ball on the green that is positioned along an imaginary horizontal line through the hole and across the width of the green.

Pistol Grip: A grip, usually on a putter, that is built up under the left or top hand.

Pitch: A short, less than 50 yards or meters, shot usually played with a higher lofted club and made using a less than full swing.

Pitch-and-Run: A close to the green shot where the ball carries in the air for a short distance, drops on the green and rolls towards the hole.

Pitch Mark: A divot on the green caused when a ball lands.

Pivot: The rotation of the body around a relatively fixed point, usually the spine.

Play Through: Permission granted by a slow-moving group of players to a faster-moving group of players to pass them on the course.

Plugged Lie: A bad lie where the ball is at least half-buried. Also known as a "buried lie" or in a bunker a "fried egg"

Plumb-Bob: A method many players use to help them determine the amount a putt will break. It involves positioning yourself behind the ball and holding the putter vertically so it covers the ball. In theory, the shaft of the putter will indicate the amount the ball will break.

Plunk: A lie where the ball is on the lip of a lake or other water hazard.

Plus Handicap: A golf handicap that is less than zero.

Pop-Up: A poor tee shot where the top of the club-head strikes under the ball, causing it to go straight up in the air. In addition to being bad shots, pop-ups frequently leave white scuff-marks on the top of the club-head, or dents in persimmon clubs. Also known as a sky shot

Power Transfer Ratio: Ratio of ball speed divided by swing speed

Preferred Lies: A Local rule that allows the ball in play to be lifted, cleaned and moved on the fairway during adverse course conditions.

Premiums: Additional ways to make money when betting when playing a Nassau. Sandy (out of the sand and make the putt); Chippy (Chip in the hole from the green even if you are putting it); Birdie (1 under par for score on that hole)

Press (1): To try and hit the ball harder than usual.

Press (2): This also describes an extra effort to play well.

Press (3): In betting terms, it's an additional bet made after a player falls behind in a match.

Pre-Shot Routine: The actions a player takes from the time he selects a club until he begins the swing.

Private Lesson: Generally speaking, when a PGA Professional gives a lesson to a single pupil.

Pro - Professional: A golfer or person who plays or teaches golf for financial reward.

Pronation: An inward rotation of the hands towards the body's centerline when standing in a palms-facing-forward position.

Pro Shop: A shop at a golf club, run by the club professional, where golf equipment can be purchased.

Pull: A pull is a shot that unintentionally travels on a trajectory on the same side of the ball from which the player swings.

Pulled Hook: A shot that begins to the side of the target line and continues to curve even further away

Pulled Shot: A relatively straight shot that begins to the side of the target and doesn't curve back

Pulled Slice: A shot that starts well to the side of the target but curves back to the target

Punch Shot: A shot played with a very low trajectory, usually to avoid interference from tree branches when a player is hitting from the woods.

Push: A push, or block, is shot that unintentionally travels on a trajectory opposite the side of the ball from which the player swings.

Pushed Hook: A shot that begins to the side of the target but curves back to the target

Pushed Shot: A shot that starts to the side of the target and never curves back

Pushed Slice: A shot that starts to the side of the target and curves further away

Putt: A shot played on the green, usually with a putter.

Putting Out: Putting the ball in the hole. Your last shot on a hole. Not taking a gimme.

Putting Green: A practice green is a putting surface usually found close to the club house, used to warm up and practice putting.

Putter: A special golf club with a very low loft that makes the ball roll along the green with top-spin.


Q
Q School: "Qualifying School", the qualifying tournament on several major professional tours, such as the PGA Tour, European Tour, or LPGA Tour. Q-School is a multistage tournament (four for the PGA Tour, three for the European Tour, two for the LPGA) that culminates in a week-long tournament in which a specified number of top finishers (25 plus ties in the PGA Tour, 30 plus ties in the European Tour, and exactly 20 in the LPGA) earn their "Tour Cards", qualifying them for the following year's tour. The final tournament is six rounds (108 holes) for men and five rounds (90 holes) for women. The 2012 Q-school for the 2013 PGA Tour season waste the last one, as the rules of qualification for a "tour card" have been changed to eliminate Q-school.


R
R&A: Since 2004 the governing body of golf throughout the world except the United States and Mexico, where this responsibility rests with the United States Golf Association (USGA). It works in collaboration with national amateur and professional golf organizations in over 110 countries. The R&A is a separate organization from the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews which formerly performed this role.

Range Finder: A measuring device used to determine one's relative distance to an object. In golf, they are most commonly used to find out how far a player is from the hole.

Rap: To hit a putt with a short, firm stroke.

Reading the Green - or Put: The entire process involved in judging the break and path of a putt.

Recover: To successfully hit a shot from a poor location.

Redan: A hole that has a green which slopes downward and away from the point of entrance,

Release (1): The point in the downswing at which the wrists uncock.

Release (2): The forward motion of a ball played onto a green after the braking effects of backspin have ceased.

Release: The act of freely returning the clubhead squarely to the ball at impact, producing a powerful shot.

Right-Handed Player: One who swings from right to left

Rhythm: The coordination of movement during the golf swing or putting stroke.

Road Hole: The par-4 17th hole at the Old Course at St. Andrews, one of the most famous and difficult holes in the world.

Rough: The grass that borders the fairway, usually taller and coarser than the fairway.

Round Robin: A tournament format in which players or team play a variety of other teams, the winner being the player or team that accumulates the highest number of points.

Rowan Match Play: A form of singles match play which can be played by 3 or more players. Players begin all playing against one another until one player wins a hole outright posting the best score than all other playing partners on a hole. That player is then 1 up versus all of their combined playing partners who now form a team against the player leading and try to get the match back to all-square. In a 3 player game, after someone goes 1-up, the match then takes the form of the leading player versus the scores of the other two players.

Rub of the Green: Occurs when the ball is deflected or stopped by a third party/object, e.g. if a ball is going out of bounds and is deflected in bounds by hitting a spectator or a tree.

Run: The distance a ball travels once it lands. The two distances of a golf shot are first its "carry" and then its "run."


S
Sandbagger: A golfer that carries a higher official handicap but plays much better. Also known as a bandit

Sand Save: When a player achieves par by getting up and down from a green-side bunker. Sand save percentage is one of many statistics kept by the PGA Tour.

Sand Trap: Patch of ground with lined with sand. Also known as the bunker

Sand Wedge: A lofted club designed especially for playing out of a bunker.

Sandy or Sandie: A score of par or better that includes a bunker shot.

Scoring Clubs: The driver, putter and sand wedge.

Scotch Foursomes: In scotch foursomes teams of 2 players compete against each other. Players alternate hitting the same ball. The first player tees off, the second player hits the second shot, the first player hits the third shot, and so on until the ball is holed. To this point, the definition of 'scotch foursomes' is the same as that of ordinary 'foursomes'; however, players do not alternate hitting tee shots as they would in foursomes. If Player A teed off on the first hole and Player B holed the final putt, Player B would not tee off at the second, meaning that Player A could, in theory, play every tee shot on the round. The team with the lowest score wins the hole.

Scramble (1): When a player misses the green in regulation, but still makes par or better on a hole.

Scramble (2): A two or four man format, similar to Best Ball, except in a scramble, each player strikes a shot, the best shot is selected, then all players play from that selected position.

Scratch Golfer: A player's whose handicap equals zero.

Semiprivate Lesson: An instruction format where a limited number of pupils, but more than one work with a Professional.

Senior: Describes a competition for 50 years or older golfers.

Senior PGA Tour: The original name of the tour now known as PGA Tour Champions; used from 1980 through 2001.

Separation: When any of the various body parts and/or the club move either faster or slower that the other elements of the swing.

Setup: The process of addressing the ball, so that the club and body are properly aimed and aligned.

Shag: Collecting balls that have been hit, provably by someone else.

Shamble: A format, similar to a scramble, where every player hits from the tee, the best tee-shot is selected, and each player holes-out from the selected tee-shot.

Shank: A condition in which a golfer suddenly cannot stop shanking the ball; novice and experienced golfers can be affected.

Shape: To curve a shot to fit the situation.

Short Game: Those shots played on and around the green, including putting, chipping and pitching, and bunker shots.

Short Irons: The 8 and 9 irons and the pitching wedge. The sand wedge is considered a scoring or specialty club.

Shrimp: A severe hook, named because it resembles the shape of a shrimp.

Shoot Your Age: A round of 18 holes where a given player has a score equal to, or less than, a player's age.

Shoot Your Temperature: A round of 18 holes where a given player has a score equal to 98 or 99.

Short Game: Shots that take place on or near the green. Putting, chipping, pitching, and green-side bunker play are all aspects of the short game.

Short Side: To hit a shot that misses the green to the same side in which the hole is cut.

Shut: A position in the swing when the clubface is closed relative to the target line.

Sit!: Telling the ball to drop softly, and not roll after landing.

Skin: A skins game pits players in a type of match play in which each hole has a set value (usually in money or points). The player who wins the hole is said to win the "skin", and whatever that skin is worth. Skins games may be more dramatic than standard match play if it is agreed by the players that holes are not halved. Then, when any two players tie on a given hole, the value of that hole is carried over and added to the value of the following hole. The more ties, the greater the value of the skin and the bigger the eventual payoff

Skull: To hit the ball with the leading edge of the iron. It will go low and further than expected with little to no spin.. Also know as blade or thin

Sky: A high, short shot caused by the clubhead striking the underside of the ball. Also known as a pop-up

Slice: A ball that curves from left to right for right-handed or left to right for left-handed players to a greater degree than a fade.

Slope Rating: A number from 55 to 155 used to determine the level of difficulty of a golf course for a bogey golfer. An "average" course has a slope rating of 113.

Smothered Hook: A low, right to left for right-handed or left to right for left-handed shot that dives quickly to the ground

Snap Hook: A severe hook that usually goes directly left as well as curving from right to left for right-handed or left to right for left-handed golfer.

Snowman: To score an eight on a hole is to score a snowman.

Society: An organized group of golfers, usually not affiliated with any individual golf course.

Sole: The bottom or underside of any type of golf club. It is where the club rests on the ground in playing position.

Sole-Weighted: A design, usually for fairway woods, that incorporates additional weight along the sole of the club.

Splash Shot: A shot played from a good lie in the bunker. The club "splashes" through the sand, throwing the ball into the air.

Span: Move your marker when in the way of another person's line of putt.

Speed: The pace of a putt. Proper 'speed' of a putt will either hole the putt or leave it about 18 inches beyond the cup.

Spoon: A term for a 3-wood.

Spot: Another term for marking the ball on the green so it might be lifted and cleaned.

Spot Putting: Using an intermediate target such as a discolored blade of grass or an old ball mark as a means of aiming a putt.

Spray: To hit the ball wildly, with no consistency.

Square: It is used to describe a stance.

Stableford: A points based scoring system where highest score wins. The number of strokes taken on each hole relative to par translates into a set number of points,

Stance: Position your feet stand in to hit the ball.

Steer: An attempt to guide the flight of the ball that more often than not doesn't work the way it was planned.

Stimpmeter: A device used to measure the putting speed on the green.

Stony: A shot that lands close to the flagstick.

Stop the Bleeding: End to a round of bad playing

Strategic: A type of golf hole design where the player has a choice of shots that can be played to make par on the hole.

Straight-Faced: The description of a club with very little loft, such as a driving iron, or a driver that lacks the standard bulge and roll.

Stroke Play: Style of scoring in which the player with the fewest strokes wins. Most professional tournaments are stroke play.

Strong Grip: A terms used to describe a grip in which the hands are turned counter-clockwise on the grip.

Stymie: To block another player's putting path to the hole with one's own ball..

Sub Par: Total strokes on a hole less than the posted par. Also know as Birdie, Eagle

Sunday Bag: A small and lightweight golf bag

Sunday Stick or Sabbath Stick: A golf club disguised as a walking stick for surreptitious golf on a Sunday in societies with strict observance of the Sabbath rules.

Swaying: An exaggerated lateral movement of the body

Sweet Spot: The center of the club face.

Swing: The movement a golf player makes with his/her body and club to hit the ball.

Swing Arc: The entire path the clubhead makes in the course of a swing

Swing Center: The center point where your body rotates during a swing

Swinger: A player whose swing is based on timing and rhythm, as opposed to a "hitter," whose swing is based on sheer power.

Swing Plane: An imaginary surface that describes the path and angle of the club during the swing.

Swingweight: The relationship of the grip end of the club to the head end of the club.

Swingweight Scale: A too used to measuring Swingweight.


T
T: An abbreviation on a scoreboard for "Tied", indicating that a player has the same score as another player.

T2: An abbreviation on a scoreboard for "Tied" for second place with one or more other players. T3 means third place; etc.

Take an Extra Club: Chose a club that will take the ball farther than the club you would naturally take.

Tap In: Often called a "gimme", a tap-in is a ball that has come to rest very close to the hole, leaving only a very short putt to be played.

Takeaway: The start of the backswing movement

Target Line: The target line is the straight line from the ball to its intended target including beyond the ball.

Tee (1): A small peg, usually made of wood or plastic, placed in the ground upon which the golf ball may be placed prior to the first stroke on a hole.

Tee (2): The grass area where a golf hole begins. There can be 1 to 6 tees with varying colors for difficulty, with no standard colors.

Tee Box: This is the specific area from which you hit your drive or tee shot. The teeing ground is two club lengths in depth. The ball must be teed up between the markers and no further back than its depth.

Teeing Ground: This refers to one set of tees for one hole. There can be 1 to 6 tees with varying colors for difficulty, with no standard colors. This is the area from which you hit your drive or tee shot. The teeing ground is two club lengths in depth. The ball must be teed up between the markers and no further back than its depth.

Tempo: The smooth change of the speed of a player's swing from first movement, through the ball strike, to the follow-through.

Ten Finger Grip: Grip style with all ten fingers on the club. Also known as the baseball grip

Texas Wedge: A term describing a shot played with a putter from well off the green

Thin Shot: Usually, an unintentional, poor shot where the club-head strikes too high on the ball. Also called blading shot.

Three-Quarter Shot: A shot played with a shortened backswing and reducing arm speed.

Through Line: When putting, the imaginary path that a ball would travel on if the putted ball goes past the hole.

Through The Green: All of the ground including hazards etc on any hole on a golf course after the tee.

Tier: The rise or level of ground in a green or tee.

Tiger Slam: Winning four consecutive major championships but not in a calendar year.

Timing: The sequence of motions within the golf swing.

Tips: The championship tees on a golf course are known as "the tips".

Toe: The tip of the club-head farthest from the hosel.

Toed Shot: Any shot hit off the toe of the club.

Topped: An errant shot where the club-head strikes on top of the ball, causing the ball to roll or bounce rather than fly.

Tree Shot: A bad shot that has hit the trees' leaves, branches, and/or trunk and goings out of bounds, into a hazard, or leaves the ball much shorter than anticipated.

Triple Bogey: A hole played three strokes over par.

Turkey: Three consecutive birdies during one round of golf.

Touch: Refers to a player's sense of feel, generally around the greens.

#TourSauce: A phrase that has since evolved to include any saucy thing done by PGA Tour players.

Tour: PGA Tour (USA), European Tour, Asian Tour, Japan Tour, PGA Tour of Australia, PGA Tour of India, PGA Tour Canadian, Sunshine Tour (South Africa), PGA Tour Latinoamerica, Tour de las Americas, and the list goes on.

Trajectory: The height and angle the ball travels will travel.

Transition: The change of direction in the swing, from the backswing to the forward swing.


U
Unplayable: A player can declare his ball unplayable at any time when it is in play (other than at a tee), and can drop the ball either within two club-lengths, or further from the hole in line with the hole and its current position, or where they played his last shot.

Up and Down: The situation where a player holes the ball in two strokes starting from off the green. The first stroke, usually a "pitch", a "bunker shot" or a "chip", gets the ball "up" onto the green, and the subsequent putt gets the ball "down" into the hole. A variation is called "up and in".

USGA: The governing body of golf for the USA and Mexico. The USGA and The R&A work together to produce and interpret the Rules of Golf.

USPGA: The principal organization for golf professionals in the USA. More commonly called the "PGA of America".

Uncock: The release of straightening of the wrists during the downswing.

Upright: A steeper-than-normal swing plane.


V
Vardon Grip: A common grip style in which the lower hand pinkie finger rests on top of the upper hand index finger. Also known as overlapping grip

Vaulting Dormie: A possible occurrence in match play when a player or team converts a lead into a victory without passing through dormie, a guaranteed minimum of a tie at the end of regulation play.

Vector: A quantity or measure related to force that has both magnitude and direction. An important factor in determining the distance and direction a ball travels.

Velcro: Very, very slow greens

Visualization: A mental image of a swing or shot or even an entire round.


W
Waggle: A pre-shot routine where a player adjusts his body, the club, and/or practice swings at the ball.

Weak Grip: A term describing a grip where the hands are turned to the left for a right-handed and right for a left-handed player.

We Are Golf: A coalition formed by the Club Managers Association of America, the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, the National Golf Course Owners Association, and The PGA of America to highlight the economic and social impacts of the game of golf.

Wedge: A type of golf club; a subset of iron designed for short range strokes. Of all the categories of clubs, wedges have faces with the highest degrees of loft.

Whiff: An attempt to strike the ball where the player fails to make contact with the ball. A complete miss! Also known as an air ball

Winter Green: Typically an area of fairway used as a temporary putting green to prevent damage to the normal green during inclement winter weather. On some courses, particularly in Japan, holes are built with two greens with different varieties of grass, one for sumer play, the other for winter.

Winter Rules: A local rule that allows the ball in play to be lifted, cleaned and moved on the fairway during adverse course conditions.

Wire to Wire: Leading a tournament after every round which may or may not include ties.

Wood: A type of club where the head is generally bulbous in shape.

Worm Burner: A shot that is hit remarkably low and sometimes hard.


Y
Yips: A tendency to twitch during the putting stroke. Some top golfers have had their careers greatly affected or even destroyed by the yips.


Z
Zinger: A ball hit high and hard close to the leading edge, causing a low flight and a slight vibratory feel.












............ Scotty@GolfFix4U.com
No matter how you spell it, you found the right place.